Monday, November 7, 2016

MOC Exam Topic: Aquaporin-4

Among the topics for the neuropathology maintenance of certification examination is aquaporin-4 (AQP-4). An important regulatory molecule in the maintenance of the proper flow of water across the blood-brain barrier, AQP-4 is the major water channel expressed within CNS astrocytic foot processes. Water flux across AQP4 is bidirectional.


Maria said...

Worth mentioning that it is the most well known target in Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) and NMO spectrum disorders, since about 80% of patients with this syndrome will have circulating anti-aquaporin 4 antibodies. The IHC is useful when considering active NMOSD on a biopsy specimen by showing loss of staining (Neurology. 2015 Jan 13;84(2):148-58)

Agent86 said...

And one can only get so far without mentioning the glymphatic pathway..

Genetic knock-out of the gene encoding the astroglial water channel aquaporin-4, which is importantly involved in paravascular interstitial solute clearance, exacerbated glymphatic pathway dysfunction after TBI and promoted the development of neurofibrillary pathology and neurodegeneration in the post-traumatic brain. These findings suggest that chronic impairment of glymphatic pathway function after TBI may be a key factor that renders the post-traumatic brain vulnerable to tau aggregation and the onset of neurodegeneration.

Iliff JJ, Chen MJ, Plog BA, Zeppenfeld DM, Soltero M, Yang L, Singh I, Deane
R, Nedergaard M. Impairment of glymphatic pathway function promotes tau pathology
after traumatic brain injury. J Neurosci. 2014 Dec 3;34(49):16180-93.

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