Monday, February 18, 2008

The Ice Pick Lobotomy

My wife, Jennifer, and I recently watched a PBS documentary called “The Lobotomist”, which explores the background of the procedure popularization during the 1940’s through the ‘60’s of the prefrontal lobotomy. The neurologist Walter J. Freeman of Washington, DC was primarily responsible for the widespread performance of this surgery in the United States by developing the 10-minute, outpatient “ice pick lobotomy”. Quite literally, an ice pick was inserted beneath the eyelid and over the eyeball of a patient who was rendered temporarily unconscious by electroshock. When the instrument hit the thin orbital plate of the frontal bone, a few taps with a mallet would allow entrance into the intracranial cavity. The ice pick was then advanced upward, after which it was swept back and forth like a windshield wiper blade. The instrument was then extracted and the procedure was repeated on the opposite side. Approximately 30,000 of these procedures were performed before the medical establishment decided that it was ill-advised.

These procedures were designed to sever the connections of the brain with the prefrontal cortex (the anterior-most portion of the frontal lobes, not including the motor and premotor gyri, which does not cause movements when stimulated by electodes). Patients were left with varying degrees of abulia, but with no motor deficits.

7 comments:

Scout said...

Yikes!

Shorty said...

Ill advised...Convenient verbage for those not manly enough to carry out the procedure.

Scout said...

To expound on my earlier comment... This procedure reminds me of this:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pithing

More detail here:
http://www.susqu.edu/facstaff/r/richard/Frog_skin.html

Yikes, indeed!

Brian E. Moore, MD said...

Interesting info on pithing. I suppose the word derives from the same origin as 'pith', which according to dictionary.com has the following definition:
"The important or essential part; essence; core; heart: the pith of the matter." This slaughtering technique destroys the essential part of the organism without killing it.

JD said...

Drive-through lobotomies. Line up!

Anonymous said...

Hey, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues.
When I look at your website in Ie, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.
I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, wonderful blog!


Also visit my web blog: google

Brian E. Moore, MD, MEd said...

Thanks, Anonymous. I'll look into that browser issue.